Seventh heaven for Madrid". Retrieved 22 June Union of European Football Associations Retrieved 7 July Archived from the original PDF on 12 March Retrieved 20 October English teams banned after Heysel".
Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 22 September Muller ends Bayern wait". Retrieved 28 February Kennedy spot on for Liverpool".
PSV prosper from Oranje boom". Crvena Zvezda spot on". Juve hold their nerve". Kahn saves day for Bayern".
Shevchenko spot on for Milan". Liverpool belief defies Milan". Fate favours triumphant United". Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 29 May UEFA club competitions winners.
Red Star Belgrade — Finals Winning managers Winning players. Retrieved from " https: Use dmy dates from May Featured lists. Views Read Edit View history.
Real Madrid 13 titles. Match was won during extra time. Match was won on a penalty shoot-out. Match was won after a replay.
Parc des Princes , Paris. Heysel Stadium , Brussels. Hampden Park , Glasgow. Wankdorf Stadium , Bern. Olympisch Stadion , Amsterdam.
The top four clubs from the four top-ranked national associations will receive guaranteed qualification automatically for the group stage.
The Europa League holders also will automatically qualify for the group stage. Changes will be made to the access list above, if the Champions League or Europa League title holders qualify for the tournament via their domestic leagues.
A referee is initially placed into Category 4 with the exception of referees from France, Germany, England, Italy, or Spain.
Referees from these five countries are typically comfortable with top professional matches and are therefore directly placed into Category 3.
Referees are appointed based on previous matches, marks, performances, and fitness levels. To discourage bias, the Champions League takes nationality into account.
No referee may be of the same origins as any club in his or her respecting groups. After a consensus is made, the name of the appointed referee remains confidential up to two days before the match for the purpose of minimising public influence.
Since , a UEFA international referee cannot exceed the age of 45 years. After turning 45, a referee must step down at the end of his season.
The age limit was established to ensure an elite level of fitness. Today, UEFA Champions League referees are required to pass a fitness test even to be considered at the international level.
Any team that wins the Champions League three years in a row or five times overall wins the right to retain a full-sized replica of the trophy UEFA retains the original at all times.
Six clubs have earned this honour: As of the —13 season, 40 gold medals are presented to the Champions League winners, and 40 silver medals to the runners-up.
As of —19, the fixed amount of prize money paid to the clubs is as follows: A large part of the distributed revenue from the UEFA Champions League is linked to the "market pool", the distribution of which is determined by the value of the television market in each nation.
When the Champions League was created in , it was decided that a maximum of eight companies should be allowed to sponsor the event, with each corporation being allocated four advertising boards around the perimeter of the pitch, as well as logo placement at pre- and post-match interviews and a certain number of tickets to each match.
From the —13 knockout phase , UEFA used LED advertising hoardings installed in knock-out participant stadiums, including the final stage.
From the —16 season onwards, UEFA has used such hoardings from the play-off round until the final. Adidas is a secondary sponsor and supplies the official match ball, the Adidas Finale , and referee uniform.
Individual clubs may wear jerseys with advertising. However, only one sponsorship is permitted per jersey in addition to that of the kit manufacturer.
Exceptions are made for non-profit organisations, which can feature on the front of the shirt, incorporated with the main sponsor or in place of it; or on the back, either below the squad number or on the collar area.
The competition attracts an extensive television audience, not just in Europe, but throughout the world. The final of the tournament has been, in recent years, the most-watched annual sporting event in the world.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the table tennis competition, see European Champions League table tennis. For other uses, see European Cup disambiguation.
When you hear the anthem it captivates you straight away. UEFA member nation that has been represented in the group stage.
UEFA member nation that has not been represented in the group stage. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 23 May Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 14 August Archived from the original on 3 October Sport Lisboa e Benfica.
Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 16 August Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 13 August The new symbols of European football.
International Review for the Sociology of Sport 39 3. Retrieved 11 December Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 12 September Guardian News and Media.
Retrieved 24 November Retrieved 2 December Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 22 September Retrieved 5 June Union of European Football Associations 1: Retrieved 16 October Archived from the original PDF on 28 May Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 12 February Retrieved 29 May Retrieved 29 January Rangers have actually sported the Center Parcs logo during the course of two seasons.